2017;2017:6745840. doi: 10.1155/2017/6745840. Epub 2017 Dec 31.

Author information

Clinical Immunology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Av. Dzieci Polskich 20, 04-730 Warsaw, Poland.
Department of Experimental Pharmacology, Medical University of Bialystok, Szpitalna 37 Str., 15-295 Bialystok, Poland.
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
Department of Pediatrics Rheumatology, Immunology, and Metabolic Bone Diseases, Medical University of Bialystok, Waszyngtona 17 Str., 15-274 Bialystok, Poland.
Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.


This study compared the antioxidant status and major lipophilic antioxidants in patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) and Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS). Total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), and concentrations of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and vitamins A and E were estimated in the plasma of 22 patients with AT, 12 children with NBS, and the healthy controls. In AT patients, TAS (median 261.7 μmol/L) was statistically lower but TOS (496.8 μmol/L) was significantly elevated in comparison with the healthy group (312.7 μmol/L and 311.2 μmol/L, resp.). Tocopherol (0.8 μg/mL) and CoQ10 (0.1 μg/mL) were reduced in AT patients versus control (1.4 μg/mL and 0.3 μg/mL, resp.). NBS patients also displayed statistically lower TAS levels (290.3 μmol/L), while TOS (404.8 μmol/L) was comparable to the controls. We found that in NBS patients retinol concentration (0.1 μg/mL) was highly elevated and CoQ10 (0.1 μg/mL) was significantly lower in comparison with those in the healthy group. Our study confirms disturbances in redox homeostasis in AT and NBS patients and indicates a need for diagnosing oxidative stress in those cases as a potential disease biomarker. Decreased CoQ10 concentration found in NBS and AT indicates a need for possible supplementation.